Young people are the least affected by corona virus. However, there are still many cases of healthy young people who do not have underlying death after infection with this virus.
When Ben Luderer, 30, began to feel unwell, he was not surprised. Just a few days earlier, his wife, Brandy, tested positive for Covid-19.
Ms. Brandy’s symptoms were very mild. Mr. Ben was also not very worried when he started not feeling well. Two people are still young and healthy, anyway.
Two people work at Cliffside Park School District in New Jersey, USA. She teaches at school number 4 and he teaches at school number 6. As a good high-school baseball player, Mr. Ben also continues his passion by coaching the Varsity baseball team.
However, Ben’s symptoms quickly became more severe. He had difficulty breathing more and on March 27, Ben had to go to emergency. “His situation is really worrying,” Brandy told CNN.
Immediately, Brandy drove Ben to the hospital. However, she could not come in with him because the hospital did not allow visits. So she sat in the car all night and they texted each other. “He kept me updated on the situation,” she said.
At the hospital, Ben was given oxygen and reacted well, Brandy said. They gave him intravenous fluids and gave him Tylenol. He was home that night. “Keep doing so at home,” the doctors said.
Two days later, Ben felt better and showed signs of improvement, Ms. Brandy said. He got out of bed and had dinner for the first time.
“It was a great day. He walked around and talked to us,” Brandy recalls. Ben seems to be recovering. However, that night, the symptoms returned.
That night, Ben was uncomfortable. Because Ben slept in the bedroom and Brandy in the living room, they texted each other. Once, Ben texted his wife and said, “I’m struggling.” Brandy asked Ben if he needed to go to an emergency and Ben answered that he was not sure.
“So I try to do my best to make him comfortable. You know, make him breathe easier and calm down,” Brandy told CNN. She borrowed you a humidifier to do this.
When Ben finally settled down Brandy listened to Ben’s breathing through the bedroom door.
“I could hear that he was still breathing. I fell asleep,” she said. She went over to Ben at 2 o’clock and everything looked fine. However, when she woke up at 6 o’clock, she saw her 30-year-old husband lying blankly in bed.
And Brandy was left with a question. She knew her husband was sick, but how did a 30-year-old, healthy, disease-free young man collapse so quickly?
The mystery of the disease
Ben Luderer’s story is one of many stories that confuses global health officials. Why do some young people become infected with Covid-19 and die so suddenly?
It is true that Covid-19 seems to seriously affect the elderly, especially those with underlying medical conditions such as heart disease, lung disease and diabetes. It is possible that the immune system of the elderly cannot fight this disease and the virus can easily reproduce in the body and weaken multiple organs.
However, it is clear that there are many people like Ben, young people who are still very sick and die.
We know that Covid-19, is not just a disease of the elderly. Young and healthy people do not mean they are immune to this disease. They may become so sick that they need to be hospitalized.
According to early statistics from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), among 2,449 Covid-19 patients, 18% were between 45-54 years old, and 29% were 20-44 years old. Among those hospitalized, 18% are aged 45-54 and 20% are aged 20-44.
Young people are less likely to die, but there is an emerging trend, Dr. Anthony Fauci, a leading White House anti-epidemic expert, told CNN. That’s what makes Covid-19 an “extraordinary disease”.
“You know, a lot of people recover well and then some people suddenly have to use a ventilator, use ECMO (artificial heart) and they die,” Mr. Fauci said.
“I mean there’s a divide here. We are missing something. And I don’t think that only when you’re old or have a background disease will it be affected. There is something else and last hope.” we will find out, “said Fauci.
No answer yet
What could this be? Scientists wonder if the answer may lie in our genes. They are beginning to understand the difference between people with minor illness and those who die after being infected with Covid-19.
This is likely due to a variation in the ACE2 gene. ACE2 is an enzyme (receptor) that attaches to the cell membrane of heart and lung cells. In an article in the journal Science, Dr Philip Murphy of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Research said, “variants of the ACE2 gene alter receptors and can make the virus easy or difficult to invade. enter more lung cells “.
It may also be due to the surfactant, an important body constituent. This substance allows the lungs to expand and contract better. For some patients infected with Covid-19, this substance is very few. Without a surfactant, the lungs become stiff and difficult to contract. This may be the reason some patients continue to struggle even when using ventilators.
Another direction scientists pursue is learning about how the body’s immune system responds to viruses and bacteria at an early stage. In some young, healthy people, a good immune system can lead to a cytokine storm that causes pneumonia and other organs. In that case, a well-functioning immune system is the problem. Some clinicians speculate that this is why steroids, an immunosuppressant, work well in some patients.
Or perhaps some healthy young people think that they are not susceptible to disease so they practice less social isolation. As a result, they were exposed to more viral load.
To determine this may take several months and it may vary depending on the individual patient, regardless of their age. Even so, many young people are at high risk because Americans have a high incidence of diabetes-like background disease. However, the problem with perfectly healthy young people like Ben is something we need to find out.
Regardless of your age or background condition, the advice for prevention is the same. Stay home, wash your hands and reduce your exposure to viruses as much as possible.