Researchers have yet to conclude whether the virus can be transmitted by touching the semen containing the virus.
Despite confronting SARS-CoV-2 virus and Covid-19 epidemic for months, scientists still have many unanswered questions about how they infect and invade the human body.
In the past few months, viruses and their genetic material have been found on several surfaces after days, and in saliva, urine and stool. According to research from China recently published in the JAMA Network Open, the corona virus, or part of it, may be in the patient’s semen.
Doctors examined semen from 38 patients at the Shangqiu City Hospital in Hunan Province. All 38 patients, aged 15-59 years, were positive for SARS-CoV-2 virus.
The team identified the genetic material of SARS-CoV-2 virus in semen of 6 patients, equivalent to 16%. 4/6 patients were at the stage of disease presentation, and 2 patients recovered.
However, this does not mean that the SARS-CoV-2 virus can be sexually transmitted. Finding the genetic material of a virus in semen does not mean that the entire virus exists and can infect others.
“This is an interesting finding, but first we have to determine if this is a virus or just a part of it,” Stanley Perlman, a professor of microbiology at the University of Iowa told the New York Times. According to Mr. Perlman, it is likely that the test will only find a portion of RNA in the virus.
Perlman also pointed out that the corona virus is mainly transmitted by nose or mouth, not through blood like Zika. To date, there is no evidence that the virus is sexually transmitted. If the infection is made during sexual contact, the chances are high that the virus is transmitted by mouth or nose normally on close contact.
The authors themselves admit that more research is needed to find out how the virus, or a part of it, exists in semen.
“This study is limited because of the small sample size and the lack of follow-up studies. Therefore, more in-depth studies are needed to understand details such as the stage of virus spread, duration of survival and number of studies. in semen.
If it is possible to prove SARS-CoV-2 sexually transmitted in future studies, this is one of the important ways to prevent infection, especially when the virus is found in semen. of cured people, “concluded the authors.
Scientists believe that determining whether a virus exists in semen will give advice on oral sex, as well as how to treat semen.
According to the New York Times, many maternity hospitals around the world have stopped accepting semen givers, fearing the virus could spread this way.