Coronavirus is a large family of viruses, in which some strains are capable of causing disease when transmitted from animals to humans, others infect only and exist in animals including camels, cats and bats. Sometimes the corona virus evolves from animals to humans and then from humans to people like the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Currently the pandemic strain of corona virus in Wuhan (Covid-19) is a new strain that has never appeared in humans and is likely to be transmitted from person to person.
Coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) is a new respiratory virus that causes acute respiratory infections in humans and shows a human-to-human spread. The virus was identified in an outbreak investigation that originated in a large market that sells seafood and animals in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Covid-19 is a new virus that has not been previously identified. In addition to this newly discovered coronavirus strain, there are six other coronavirus strains known today that have the potential to infect humans.
The origin of the Coronavirus (Covid-19)
Health agencies and health partners are working hard to identify the origin of Covid-19. The corona virus is a betacoronavirus, like MERS and SAR, all derived from host species from bats. The corona virus is a large family of viruses, common in many different animals including camels, cats and bats. Genetic analysis of this virus is underway to determine the specific origin of the virus. SARS, another coronavirus that appears to infect humans, originates from the civet, while MERS, another coronavirus that infects humans, comes from camels.
How is Coronavirus spread?
The virus initially originated from animal sources but has the ability to spread from person to person. It is important to note that the spread from person to person can occur continuously. In humans, the virus spreads from person to person through contact with infected body fluids. Depending on the degree of spread of the virus, coughing, sneezing or shaking hands can expose people to exposure.
The virus can also be spread by touching someone on an object, then on their mouth, nose, and eyes. Caregivers may also be exposed to the virus when handling the patient’s waste.
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What are Coronavirus symptoms?
Reports of patients with mild to severe Covid-19 Virus include symptoms of fever, cough, and dyspnea. These symptoms can appear 2 to 14 days after exposure. Once onset, Covid-19 Virus can develop to severe pneumonia, progressive respiratory failure and death, especially in people with chronic illness, immunodeficiency.
WHO guideline for Coronavirus (Covid-19)
In order to proactively prevent acute pneumonia caused by the new strain of coronavirus in Wuhan City, WHO recommends that people and communities implement the following measures well:
– Limit direct contact with people with acute respiratory infections; When necessary contact with sick people must wear a medical mask properly and keep a distance when exposed.
– Keep your body warm, keep personal hygiene, wash your hands often with soap, mouthwash with antiseptic water to prevent pneumonia.
– Need to cover the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, preferably with a cloth or handkerchief to reduce the spread of respiratory secretions.
– Limit close contact with animal or wildlife farms.
– Those who return from Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China or have close contact with a person with pneumonia in Wuhan City within 14 days if signs of fever, cough, difficulty breathing, need to immediately the nearest health facility for timely consultation, examination and treatment.