The subjective lifestyle is thought to be one of the reasons for the higher rate of Covid-19 morbidity and mortality among men than women.
Without the right precautions, anyone can get Covid-19. However, based on the statistics published by countries, certain groups of people are more likely to be infected and die, including sex.
Specifically, men are more likely than women to contract the disease and die from Covid-19. In China, the rate of death from viral illness in men is 2.8% and for women is 1.7%, according to statistics posted on BMJ Global Health updated until February 28.
When an outbreak broke out, some countries also recorded higher male mortality rates, such as France, Germany, Iran, Italy, South Korea and Spain.
In Italy, with more than 3,000 deaths as of March 19, men account for 71% and in Spain, twice as many men die from the virus as women.
There is no in-depth study of why men are more susceptible to Covid-19 and die than women, a statement from Professor Sarah Hawkes of the UCL Center for Gender and Global Health.
However, the fact that men smoke a lot is thought to be one of the reasons. In China, about 50% of men smoke, while women are only 2%.
The World Health Organization (WHO) website also confirms that smokers are more likely to get seriously ill with Covid-19. The virus can spread from hand to cigarette and then into the body when the cigarette is brought to the mouth. In addition, they can also share cigarettes to others, increasing the risk of spreading the virus.
Contrast behaviors between men and women can also be the cause. Many studies show that men wash their hands less, use less soap, have fewer regular checkups and often ignore public health tips.
Some experts believe that the underlying biological characteristics may also be the cause. Despite the disparity in smoking rates, males in countries with different cultures still have higher rates of Covid-19 morbidity and mortality than women.
“I think something more extensive is the cause,” said Sabra Klein, a professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
A study that Klein participated in revealed that men have a lower immune system than infectious viruses like hepatitis C and HIV. There has been a similar study on mice with corona virus, but no SARS-CoV-2 strain has been studied.
Hormones may also play an important role. Estrogen has been shown to increase the immune response of immune cells. Many genes that regulate immune cells are encoded on X chromosomes (males have one, females have 2), so it is possible that some genes involved in the immune response will be more active in females than in males. .
Differences in the immune system by sex are more likely to occur in more in-depth studies on Covid-19. There are very few countries affected by the virus that disclose information on the sex cases and deaths. Hopefully many countries will publish data soon so that we can better understand people who are susceptible to diseases and deaths due to viruses.