Early social isolation, speeding up testing to screen patients and scientific approaches helped Germany minimize mortality, while their cases were higher than the UK.
As of April 15, the total number of Covid-19 infections globally has reached nearly 2 million and more than 125,000 deaths. But the noticeable differences in the way Germany and the UK deal with pandemics and the mortality rates between the two countries will undoubtedly be studied over the years, to learn about how to respond or not respond to pandemics. Next, the South China Morning Post said.
On April 13, Germany reported more than 124,000 cases of Covid-19 and nearly 3,000 deaths since the outbreak. The corresponding numbers in the UK are 85,199 infections and 11,329 deaths. A day earlier, 697 deaths in the UK, five times higher than 126 deaths in Germany, although the UK had fewer cases in Germany.
Germany responded soon
Why is the number of deaths from Covid-19 in the UK so many times higher (about 3.5 times) than in Germany, while the number of infections in this country is less. According to medical experts, Germany has responded quickly to the outbreak by a nationwide blockade from March 16.
Meanwhile, the UK remained calm and then slowly adopted social isolation measures. He imposed a social isolation order on March 23, one week slower than Germany. Schools in Germany were closed on March 13, while the UK was not in place until March 18.
Initially, Prime Minister Boris Johnson pursued a strategy that required everyone to remain calm and continue to open restaurants, pubs, theaters, clubs and schools. The British government initially hoped to protect the most vulnerable members of the population over the age of 70 from the virus, while allowing less vulnerable people to become infected with the virus.
The herd immunity strategy was eventually canceled on March 16, after health experts warned of its dangers. However, Prime Minister Johnson still urged the public to focus on regular hand washing and self-isolation if they are ill, while much of Europe has adopted social isolation.
A much discussed mistake in the UK is testing. There is a huge gap in testing samples between England and Germany, which experts say is important to slow the spread of the virus.
By mid-March, Germany tested 103,000 specimens a day in 132 laboratories across the country, while the UK only tested 5,000 specimens a day.
“We are the only country in the world to test the most suspected people. Thanks to early testing, we were able to learn about the disease at an early stage. We have started for 2-3 weeks and it is extremely important, ”said Christian Drosten, chief virologist at Charite Hospital in Berlin, a government health adviser and one of the ministry’s developers. The world’s first test kit says.
Chancellor Angela Merkel, originally a scientist, announced to a crowd on March 3 that she would stop shaking hands to prevent infection. Prime Minister Johnson, who was originally a journalist, announced the same day he shook hands with everyone, including a patient with Covid-19 infection, on a visit to the hospital.
The two leaders’ approach is also very different for close contact with people infected with Covid-19. Chancellor Merkel isolated herself 14 days after a doctor once vaccinated her influenza virus with Covid-19 infection.
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Johnson was identified positive for Covid-19 on March 27, but continued to work from home. Prime Minister Johnson was transferred to the hospital on April 5 and transferred to the intensive care unit the following day, he stayed in the hospital for three days. On April 12, Prime Minister Johnson said he narrowly escaped death.
The language that the leaders of the two countries speak about the disease is also very different. “No, this disease is not a war. The countries are not in conflict with each other. This is a test of our humanity. Show others our best, ”German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said on a television show on the evening of April 11.
It is the epitome of a sober country, the study and scientific approach of a crisis. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Johnson likens this crisis to war.
“We must act like any government in wartime and do everything we can to support our economy. Yes, this enemy can be deadly, but it can also be defeated, ”said Prime Minister Johnson.
The outlook for disease between Germany and the UK is also very different. One of the top government advisers on corona virus epidemiologist Jeremy Farrar, in an interview with the BBC on March 12, said that Britain was one of the worst, if not the most, countries. The worst influence in Europe, according to a Politico report.
The UK government’s answer has been questioned by many experts with many unfavorable comparisons drawn from similar countries. Ministers have been criticized for failing to rapidly increase testing capacity in late February and early March.
The government introduced measures of blockade and social isolation too late. Politicians leading the British effort, including Prime Minister Johnson, seem to be slow to recognize the severity of the threat.
Meanwhile, Chancellor Merkel, after an online meeting with the 16-state governor, is expected to announce a series of small steps to start easing social isolation and reopening gradually more shops, businesses and The school will be on April 15.
The Leopoldina National Academy of Sciences has issued a series of recommendations, but any relaxation of social isolation must be based on the number of new infections that continue to decline.
“We cannot sleep ourselves in a false sense of security. We can destroy very quickly what has been achieved. The way the numbers are happening gives us reason for cautious optimism, ”said Chancellor Merkel on April 9, four days before Easter.